The Lacey Act

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Feb 17, 2005
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This is the famous law introduced by Iowa Congressman John Lacey in the 1900s. Incidentally, this is the law why Asian Arowanas are prohibited in the U.S .


http://www.fws.gov/invasives/Index.LaceyAct.html



TITLE 18. CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

PART I. CRIMES

CHAPTER 3. ANIMALS, BIRDS, FISH, AND PLANTS

LACEY ACT


§ 42. Importation or shipment of injurious mammals, birds, fish (including mollusks and crustacea), amphibia, and reptiles; permits, specimens for museums; regulations
Page 1 of 12

§ 43. Animal enterprise terrorism Page 3 of 12

[§ 44. Repealed] Page 4 of 12

[§ 45. Repealed] Page 4 of 12

§ 3371. Definitions Page 4 of 12

§ 3372. Prohibited acts Page 5 of 12

§ 3373. Penalties and sanctions Page 6 of 12

§ 3374. Forfeiture Page 8 of 12

§ 3375. Enforcement Page 9 of 12

§ 3376. Administration Page 11 of 12

§ 3377. Exceptions Page 11 of 12

§ 3378. Miscellaneous provisions Page 12 of 12


§ 42. Importation or shipment of injurious mammals, birds, fish (including mollusks and crustacea), amphibia, and reptiles; permits, specimens for museums; regulations

(a)

(1) The importation into the United States, any territory of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any possession of the United States, or any shipment between the continental United States, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any possession of the United States, of the mongoose of the species Herpestes auropunctatus; of the species of so-called "flying foxes" or fruit bats of the genus Pteropus; of the zebra mussel of the species Dreissena polymorpha; and such other species of wild mammals, wild birds, fish (including mollusks and crustacea), amphibians, reptiles, brown tree snakes, or the offspring or eggs of any of the foregoing which the Secretary of the Interior may prescribe by regulation to be injurious to human beings, to the interests of agriculture, horticulture, forestry, or to wildlife or the wildlife resources of the United States, is hereby prohibited. All such prohibited mammals, birds, fish (including mollusks and crustacea), amphibians, and reptiles, and the eggs or offspring therefrom, shall be promptly exported or destroyed at the expense of the importer or consignee. Nothing in this section shall be construed to repeal or modify any provision of the Public Health Service Act or Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Also, this section shall not authorize any action with respect to the importation of any plant pest as defined in the Federal Plant Pest Act, insofar as such importation is subject to regulation under that Act.

(2) As used in this subsection, the term "wild" relates to any creatures that, whether or not raised in captivity, normally are found in a wild state; and the terms "wildlife" and "wildlife resources" include those resources that comprise wild mammals, wild birds, fish (including mollusks and crustacea), and all other classes of wild creatures whatsoever, and all types of aquatic and land vegetation upon which such wildlife resources are dependent.

(3) Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Secretary of the Interior, when he finds that there has been a proper showing of responsibility and continued protection of the public interest and health, shall permit the importation for zoological, educational, medical, and scientific purposes of any mammals, birds, fish (including mollusks and crustacea), amphibia, and reptiles, or the offspring or eggs thereof, where such importation would be prohibited otherwise by or pursuant to this Act, and this Act shall not restrict importations by Federal agencies for their own use.

(4) Nothing in this subsection shall restrict the importation of dead natural-history specimens for museums or for scientific collections, or the importation of domesticated canaries, parrots (including all other species of psittacine birds), or such other cage birds as the Secretary of the Interior may designate.

(5) The Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of the Interior shall enforce the provisions of this subsection, including any regulations issued hereunder, and, if requested by the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of the Treasury may require the furnishing of an appropriate bond when desirable to insure compliance with such provisions.

(b) Whoever violates this section, or any regulation issued pursuant thereto, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than six months, or both.

(c) The Secretary of the Interior within one hundred and eighty days of the enactment of the Lacey Act Amendments of 1981 [enacted Nov. 16, 1981] shall prescribe such requirements and issue such permits as he may deem necessary for the transportation of wild animals and birds under humane and healthful conditions, and it shall be unlawful for any person, including any importer, knowingly to cause or permit any wild animal or bird to be transported to the United States, or any Territory or district thereof, under inhumane or unhealthful conditions or in violation of such requirements. In any criminal prosecution for violation of this subsection and in any administrative proceeding for the suspension of the issuance of further permits--

(1) the conditions of any vessel or conveyance, or the enclosures in which wild animals or birds are confined therein, upon its arrival in the United States, or any Territory or district thereof, shall constitute relevant evidence in determining whether the provisions of this subsection have been violated; and

(2) the presence in such vessel or conveyance at such time of a substantial ratio of dead, crippled, diseased, or starving wild animals or birds shall be deemed prima facie evidence of the violation of the provisions of this subsection.


HISTORY: (June 25, 1948, ch 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 687; May 24, 1949, ch 139, § 2, 63 Stat. 89; Sept. 2, 1960, P.L. 86-702, § 1, 74 Stat. 753; Nov. 16, 1981, P.L. 97-79, § 9(d), 95 Stat. 1079; Nov. 29, 1990, P.L. 101-646, Title I, Subtitle C, § 1208, 104 Stat. 4772; Dec. 13, 1991, P.L. 102-237, Title X, § 1013(e), 105 Stat. 1901.)

(As amended Sept. 13, 1994, P.L. 103-322, Title XXXIII, § 330016(1)(G), 108 Stat. 2147; Oct. 26, 1996, P.L. 104-332, § 2(h)(1), 110 Stat. 4091.)

§ 43. Animal enterprise terrorism

(a) Offense. Whoever--

(1) travels in interstate or foreign commerce, or uses or causes to be used the mail or any facility in interstate or foreign commerce, for the purpose of causing physical disruption to the functioning of an animal enterprise; and

(2) intentionally causes physical disruption to the functioning of an animal enterprise by intentionally stealing, damaging, or causing the loss of, any property (including animals or records) used by the animal enterprise, and thereby causes economic damage exceeding $ 10,000 to that enterprise, or conspires to do so;

shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.

(b) Aggravated offense.

(1) Serious bodily injury. Whoever in the course of a violation of subsection (a) causes serious bodily injury to another individual shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.

(2) Death. Whoever in the course of a violation of subsection (a) causes the death of an individual shall be fined under this title and imprisoned for life or for any term of years.

(c) Restitution. An order of restitution under section 3663 or 3663A of this title with respect to a violation of this section may also include restitution--

(1) for the reasonable cost of repeating any experimentation that was interrupted or invalidated as a result of the offense; and

(2) the loss of food production or farm income reasonably attributable to the offense.

(d) Definitions. As used in this section--

(1) the term "animal enterprise" means--

(A) a commercial or academic enterprise that uses animals for food or fiber production, agriculture, research, or testing;

(B) a zoo, aquarium, circus, rodeo, or lawful competitive animal event; or

(C) any fair or similar event intended to advance agricultural arts and sciences;

(2) the term "physical disruption" does not include any lawful disruption that results from lawful public, governmental, or animal enterprise employee reaction to the disclosure of information about an animal enterprise;

(3) the term "economic damage" means the replacement costs of lost or damaged property or records, the costs of repeating an interrupted or invalidated experiment, or the loss of profits; and

(4) the term "serious bodily injury" has the meaning given that term in section 1365 of this title.

(e) Non-preemption. Nothing in this section preempts any State law.


HISTORY: (Aug. 26, 1992, P.L. 102-346, § 2(a), 106 Stat. 928.)

(As amended Oct. 11, 1996, P.L. 104-294, Title VI, § 601(r)(3), 110 Stat. 3502.)

[§ 44. Repealed]

[§ 45. Repealed]

§ 3371. Definitions

For the purposes of this Act:

(a) The term "fish or wildlife" means any wild animal, whether alive or dead, including without limitation any wild mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian, fish, mollusk, crustacean, arthropod, coelenterate, or other invertebrate, whether or not bred, hatched, or born in captivity, and includes any part, product, egg, or offspring thereof.

(b) The term "import" means to land on, bring into, or introduce into, any place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, whether or not such landing, bringing, or introduction constitutes an importation within the meaning of the customs laws of the United States.

(c) The term "Indian tribal law" means any regulation of, or other rule of conduct enforceable by, any Indian tribe, band, or group but only to the extent that the regulation or rule applies within Indian country as defined in section 1151 of title 18, United States Code [18 USCS § 1151].

(d) The terms "law," "treaty," "regulation," and "Indian tribal law" mean laws, treaties, regulations or Indian tribal laws which regulate the taking, possession, importation, exportation, transportation, or sale of fish or wildlife or plants.

(e) The term "person" includes any individual, partnership, association, corporation, trust, or any officer, employee, agent, department, or instrumentality of the Federal Government or of any State or political subdivision thereof, or any other entity subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

(f) The terms "plant" and "plants" mean any wild member of the plant kingdom, including roots, seeds, and other parts thereof (but excluding common food crops and cultivars) which is indigenous to any State and which is either (A) listed on an appendix to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, or (B) listed pursuant to any State law that provides for the conservation of species threatened with extinction.

(g) The term "Secretary" means, except as otherwise provided in the Act, the Secretary of the Interior or the Secretary of Commerce, as program responsibilities are vested pursuant to the provisions of Reorganization Plan Numbered 4 of 1970 (84 Stat. 2090) [5 USCS § 903 note]; except that with respect to the provisions of this Act which pertain to the importation or exportation of plants the term means the Secretary of Agriculture.

(h) The term "State" means any of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, and any other territory, commonwealth, or possession of the United States.

(i) The term "taken" means captured, killed, or collected.

(j) The term "transport" means to move, convey, carry, or ship by any means, or to deliver or receive for the purpose of movement, conveyance, carriage, or shipment.


HISTORY: (Nov. 16, 1981, P.L. 97-79, § 2, 95 Stat. 1073.)

§ 3372. Prohibited acts

(a) Offenses other than marking offenses. It is unlawful for any person--

(1) to import, export, transport, sell, receive, acquire, or purchase any fish or wildlife or plant taken, possessed, transported, or sold in violation of any law, treaty, or regulation of the United States or in violation of any Indian tribal law;

(2) to import, export, transport, sell, receive, acquire, or purchase in interstate or foreign commerce--

(A) any fish or wildlife taken, possessed, transported, or sold in violation of any law or regulation of any State or in violation of any foreign law, or

(B) any plant taken, possessed, transported, or sold in violation of any law or regulation of any State;

(3) within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States (as defined in section 7 of title 18, United States Code [18 USCS § 7])--

(A) to possess any fish or wildlife taken, possessed, transported, or sold in violation of any law or regulation of any State or in violation of any foreign law or Indian tribal law, or

(B) to possess any plant taken, possessed, transported, or sold in violation of any law or regulation of any State; [or]

(4) to attempt to commit any act described in paragraphs (1) through (4) [(3)].

(b) Marking offenses. It is unlawful for any person to import, export, or transport in interstate commerce any container or package containing any fish or wildlife unless the container or package has previously been plainly marked, labeled, or tagged in accordance with the regulations issued pursuant to paragraph (2) of subsection 7(a) of this Act [16 USCS § 3376(a)(2)].

(c) Sale and purchase of guiding and outfitting services and invalid licenses and permits.

(1) Sale. It is deemed to be a sale of fish or wildlife in violation of this Act [16 USCS §§ 371 et seq.] for a person for money or other consideration to offer or provide--

(A) guiding, outfitting, or other services; or

(B) a hunting or fishing license or permit;

for the illegal taking, acquiring, receiving, transporting, or possessing of fish or wildlife.

(2) Purchase. It is deemed to be a purchase of fish or wildlife in violation of this Act [16 USCS §§ 371 et seq.] for a person to obtain for money or other consideration--

(A) guiding, outfitting, or other services; or

(B) a hunting or fishing license or permit;

for the illegal taking, acquiring, receiving, transporting, or possessing of fish or wildlife.

(d) False labeling offenses. It is unlawful for any person to make or submit any false record, account, or label for, or any false identification of any fish, wildlife, or plant which has been, or is intended to be--

(1) imported, exported, transported, sold, purchased, or received from any foreign country; or

(2) transported in interstate or foreign commerce.


HISTORY: (Nov. 16, 1981, P.L. 97-79, § 3, 95 Stat. 1074; Nov. 14, 1988, P.L. 100-653, Title I, § 101, 102 Stat. 3825.)

§ 3373. Penalties and sanctions

(a) Civil penalties.

(1) Any person who engages in conduct prohibited by any provision of this Act (other than subsections (b) and (d) of section 3 [16 USCS § 3372(b), (d)]) and in the exercise of due care should know that the fish or wildlife or plants were taken, possessed, transported, or sold in violation of, or in a manner unlawful under, any underlying law, treaty, or regulation, and any person who knowingly violates section 3(d) [16 USCS § 3372(d)], may be assessed a civil penalty by the Secretary of not more than $ 10,000 for each such violation: Provided, That when the violation involves fish or wildlife or plants with a market value of less than $ 350, and involves only the transportation, acquisition, or receipt of fish or wildlife or plants taken or possessed in violation of any law, treaty, or regulation of the United States, any Indian tribal law, any foreign law, or any law or regulation of any State, the penalty assessed shall not exceed the maximum provided for violation of said law, treaty, or regulation, or $ 10,000, whichever is less.

(2) Any person who violates subsection 3(b) [16 USCS § 3372(b)] may be assessed a civil penalty by the Secretary of not more than $ 250.

(3) For purposes of paragraphs (1) and (2), any reference to a provision of this Act or to a section of this Act shall be treated as including any regulation issued to carry out any such provision or section.

(4) No civil penalty may be assessed under this subsection unless the person accused of the violation is given notice and opportunity for a hearing with respect to the violation. Each violation shall be a separate offense and the offense shall be deemed to have been committed not only in the district where the violation first occurred, but also in any district in which a person may have taken or been in possession of the said fish or wildlife or plants.

(5) Any civil penalty assessed under this subsection may be remitted or mitigated by the Secretary.

(6) In determining the amount of any penalty assessed pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2), the Secretary shall take into account the nature, circumstances, extent, and gravity of the prohibited act committed, and with respect to the violator, the degree of culpability, ability to pay, and such other matters as justice may require.

(b) Hearings. Hearings held during proceedings for the assessment of civil penalties shall be conducted in accordance with section 554 of title 5, United States Code [5 USCS § 554]. The administrative law judge may issue subpenas for the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of relevant papers, books, or documents, and may administer oaths. Witnesses summoned shall be paid the same fees and mileage that are paid to witnesses in the courts of the United States. In case of contumacy or refusal to obey a subpena issued pursuant to this paragraph and served upon any person, the district court of the United States for any district in which such person is found, resides, or transacts business, upon application by the United States and after notice to such person, shall have jurisdiction to issue an order requiring such person to appear and give testimony before the administrative law judge or to appear and produce documents before the administrative law judge, or both, and any failure to obey such order of the court may be punished by such court as a contempt thereof.

(c) Review of civil penalty. Any person against whom a civil penalty is assessed under this section may obtain review thereof in the appropriate District Court of the United States by filing a complaint in such court within 30 days after the date of such order and by simultaneously serving a copy of the complaint by certified mail on the Secretary, the Attorney General, and the appropriate United States attorney. The Secretary shall promptly file in such court a certified copy of the record upon which such violation was found or such penalty imposed, as provided in section 2112 of title 28, United States Code. If any person fails to pay an assessment of a civil penalty after it has become a final and unappealable order or after the appropriate court has entered final judgment in favor of the Secretary, the Secretary may request the Attorney General of the United States to institute a civil action in an appropriate district court of the United States to collect the penalty, and such court shall have jurisdiction to hear and decide any such action. In hearing such action, the court shall have authority to review the violation and the assessment of the civil penalty de novo.

(d) Criminal penalties.

(1) Any person who--

(A) knowingly imports or exports any fish or wildlife or plants in violation of any provision of this Act (other than subsections (b) and (d) of section 3 [16 USCS §§ 3372(b), (d)]), or

(B) violates any provision of this Act (other than subsections (b) and (d) of section 3) [16 USCS §§ 3372(b), (d)]) by knowingly engaging in conduct that involves the sale or purchase of, the offer of sale or purchase of, or the intent to sell or purchase, fish or wildlife or plants with a market value in excess of $ 350, knowing that the fish or wildlife or plants were taken, possessed, transported, or sold in violation of, or in a manner unlawful under, any underlying law, treaty or regulation, shall be fined not more than $ 20,000, or imprisoned for not more than five years, or both. Each violation shall be a separate offense and the offense shall be deemed to have been committed not only in the district where the violation first occurred, but also in any district in which the defendant may have taken or been in possession of the said fish or wildlife or plants.

(2) Any person who knowingly engages in conduct prohibited by any provision of this Act (other than subsections (b) and (d) of section 3) [16 USCS §§ 3372(b), (d)]) and in the exercise of due care should know that the fish or wildlife or plants were taken, possessed, transported, or sold in violation of, or in a manner unlawful under, any underlying law, treaty or regulation shall be fined not more than $ 10,000, or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both. Each violation shall be a separate offense and the offense shall be deemed to have been committed not only in the district where the violation first occurred, but also in any district in which the defendant may have taken or been in possession of the said fish or wildlife or plants.

(3) Any person who knowingly violates section 3(d) [16 USCS § 3372(d)]--

(A) shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, or imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both, if the offense involves--

(i) the importation or exportation of fish or wildlife or plants; or

(ii) the sale or purchase, offer of sale or purchase, or commission of an act with intent to sell or purchase fish or wildlife or plants with a market value greater than $ 350; and

(B) shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, or imprisoned for not more than 1 year, or both, if the offense does not involve conduct described in subparagraph (A).

(e) Permit sanctions. The Secretary may also suspend, modify, or cancel any Federal hunting or fishing license, permit, or stamp, or any license or permit authorizing a person to import or export fish or wildlife or plants (other than a permit or license issued pursuant to the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976), or to operate a quarantine station or rescue center for imported wildlife or plants, issued to any person who is convicted of a criminal violation of any provision of this Act or any regulation issued hereunder. The Secretary shall not be liable for the payments of any compensation, reimbursement, or damages in connection with the modification, suspension, or revocation of any licenses, permits, stamps, or other agreements pursuant to this section.


HISTORY: (Nov. 16, 1981, P.L. 97-79, § 4, 95 Stat. 1074; Dec. 22, 1980, P.L. 96-561, Title II, Part C, Subpart 2, § 238(b), 94 Stat. 3300; Nov. 14, 1988, P.L. 100-653, Title I, §§ 102, 103, 100 Stat. 3825, 3826; Sept. 30, 1996, P.L. 104-208, Div A, Title I, § 101(a) [Title II, § 211(b)], 110 Stat. 3009-41.)

§ 3374. Forfeiture

(a) In general.

(1) All fish or wildlife or plants imported, exported, transported, sold, received, acquired, or purchased contrary to the provisions of section 3 of this Act [16 USCS § 3372] (other than subsection 3(b) [16 USCS § 3372(b)]), or any regulation issued pursuant thereto, shall be subject to forfeiture to the United States notwithstanding any culpability requirements for civil penalty assessment or criminal prosecution included in section 4 of this Act [16 USCS § 3373].

(2) All vessels, vehicles, aircraft, and other equipment used to aid in the importing, exporting, transporting, selling, receiving, acquiring, or purchasing of fish or wildlife or plants in a criminal violation of this Act for which a felony conviction is obtained shall be subject to forfeiture to the United States if (A) the owner of such vessel, vehicle, aircraft, or equipment was at the time of the alleged illegal act a consenting party or privy thereto or in the exercise of due care should have known that such vessel, vehicle, aircraft, or equipment would be used in a criminal violation of this Act, and (B) the violation involved the sale or purchase of, the offer of sale or purchase of, or the intent to sell or purchase, fish or wildlife or plants.

(b) Application of customs laws. All provisions of law relating to the seizure, forfeiture, and condemnation of property for violation of the customs laws, the disposition of such property or the proceeds from the sale thereof, and the remission or mitigation of such forfeiture, shall apply to the seizures and forfeitures incurred, or alleged to have been incurred, under the provisions of this Act, insofar as such provisions of law are applicable and not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act; except that all powers, rights, and duties conferred or imposed by the customs laws upon any officer or employee of the Treasury Department may, for the purposes of this Act, also be exercised or performed by the Secretary or by such persons as he may designate: Provided, That any warrant for search or seizure shall be issued in accordance with rule 41 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure [USCS Rules of Criminal Procedure, Rule 41].

(c) Storage cost. Any person convicted of an offense, or assessed a civil penalty, under section 4 [16 USCS § 3373] shall be liable for the costs incurred in the storage, care, and maintenance of any fish or wildlife or plant seized in connection with the violation concerned.


HISTORY: (Nov. 16, 1981, P.L. 97-79, § 5, 95 Stat. 1076.)

§ 3375. Enforcement

(a) In general. The provisions of this Act and any regulations issued pursuant thereto shall be enforced by the Secretary, the Secretary of Transportation, or the Secretary of the Treasury. Such Secretary may utilize by agreement, with or without reimbursement, the personnel, services, and facilities of any other Federal agency or any State agency or Indian tribe for purposes of enforcing this Act.

(b) Powers. Any person authorized under subsection (a) to enforce this Act may carry firearms; may, when enforcing this Act, make an arrest without a warrant, in accordance with any guidelines which may be issued by the Attorney General, for any offense under the laws of the United States committed in the person's presence, or for the commission of any felony under the laws of the United States, if the person has reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested has committed or is committing a felony; may search and seize, with or without a warrant, in accordance with any guidelines which may be issued by the Attorney General;[:] Provided, That an arrest for a felony violation of this Act that is not committed in the presence or view of any such person and that involves only the transportation, acquisition, receipt, purchase, or sale of fish or wildlife or plants taken or possessed in violation of any law or regulation of any State shall require a warrant; may make an arrest without a warrant for a misdemeanor violation of this Act if he has reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested is committing a violation in his presence or view; and may execute and serve any subpena, arrest warrant, search warrant issued in accordance with rule 41 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, or other warrant of civil or criminal process issued by any officer or court of competent jurisdiction for enforcement of this Act. Any person so authorized, in coordination with the Secretary of the Treasury, may detain for inspection and inspect any vessel, vehicle, aircraft, or other conveyance or any package, crate, or other container, including its contents, upon the arrival of such conveyance or container in the United States or the customs waters of the United States from any point outside the United States or such customs waters, or, if such conveyance or container is being used for exportation purposes, prior to departure from the United States or the customs waters of the United States. Such person may also inspect and demand the production of any documents and permits required by the country of natal origin, birth, or reexport of the fish or wildlife. Any fish, wildlife, plant, property, or item seized shall be held by any person authorized by the Secretary pending disposition of civil or criminal proceedings, or the institution of an action in rem for forfeiture of such fish, wildlife, plants, property, or item pursuant to section 5 of this Act [16 USCS § 3374]; except that the Secretary may, in lieu of holding such fish, wildlife, plant, property, or item, permit the owner or consignee to post a bond or other surety satisfactory to the Secretary.


(c) Jurisdiction of district courts. The several district courts of the United States, including the courts enumerated in section 460 of title 28, United States Code [28 USCS § 460], shall have jurisdiction over any actions arising under this Act. The venue provisions of title 18 and title 28 of the United States Code shall apply to any actions arising under this Act. The judges of the district courts of the United States and the United States magistrates [magistrate judges] may, within their respective jurisdictions, upon proper oath or affirmation showing probable cause, issue such warrants or other process as may be required for enforcement of this Act and any regulations issued thereunder.

(d) Rewards and certain incidental expenses. Beginning in fiscal year 1983, the Secretary or the Secretary of the Treasury shall pay, from sums received as penalties, fines, or forfeitures of property for any violation of this Act or any regulation issued hereunder (1) a reward to any person who furnishes information which leads to an arrest, a criminal conviction, civil penalty assessment, or forfeiture of property for any violation of this Act or any regulation issued hereunder, and (2) the reasonable and necessary costs incurred by any person in providing temporary care for any fish, wildlife, or plant pending the disposition of any civil or criminal proceeding alleging a violation of this Act with respect to that fish, wildlife, or plant. The amount of the reward, if any, is to be designated by the Secretary or the Secretary of the Treasury, as appropriate. Any officer or employee of the United States or any State or local government who furnishes information or renders service in the performance of his official duties is ineligible for payment under this subsection.


HISTORY: (Nov. 16, 1981, P.L. 97-79, § 6, 95 Stat. 1077; June 25, 1984, P.L. 98-327, § 4 in part, 98 Stat. 271; Nov. 14, 1988, P.L. 100-653, Title I, § 104, 102 Stat. 3826.)

§ 3376. Administration

(a) Regulations.

(1) The Secretary, after consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, is authorized to issue such regulations, except as provided in paragraph (2), as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of section 4 and section 5 of this Act [16 USCS §§ 3773, 3774].

(2) The Secretaries of the Interior and Commerce shall jointly promulgate specific regulations to implement the provisions of subsection 3(b) of this Act [16 USCS § 3372(b)] for the marking and labeling of containers or packages containing fish or wildlife. These regulations shall be in accordance with existing commercial practices.

(b) Contract authority. Beginning in fiscal year 1983, to the extent and in the amounts provided in advance in appropriations Acts, the Secretary may enter into such contracts, leases, cooperative agreements, or other transactions with any Federal or State agency, Indian tribe, public or private institution, or other person, as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act.

HISTORY: (Nov. 16, 1981, P.L. 97-79, § 7, 95 Stat. 1078.)

§ 3377. Exceptions

(a) Activities regulated by plan under Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act. The provisions of paragraph (1) of subsection 3(a) of this Act [16 USCS § 3372(a)(1)] shall not apply to any activity regulated by a fishery management plan in effect under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.).

(b) Activities regulated by 16 USCS §§ 951 et seq., 971 et seq.; harvesting of highly migratory species taken on high seas. The provisions of paragraphs (1), (2)(A), and (3)(A) of subsection 3(a) of this Act [16 USCS § 3372(a)(1), (2)(A), (3)(A)] shall not apply to--

(1) any activity regulated by the Tuna Conventions Act of 1950 (16 U.S.C. 951-961) [16 USCS §§ 951 et seq.] or the Atlantic Tunas Convention Act of 1975 (16 U.S.C. 971-971(h)) [16 USCS §§ 971 et seq.]; or

(2) any activity involving the harvesting of highly migratory species (as defined in paragraph (14) of section 3 of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 [16 USCS § 1802(14)]) taken on the high seas (as defined in paragraph (13) of such section 3 [16 USCS § 1802(13)]) if such species are taken in violation of the laws of a foreign nation and the United States does not recognize the jurisdiction of the foreign nation over such species.

(c) Interstate shipment or transshipment through Indian country of fish, wildlife, or plants for legal purposes. The provisions of paragraph (2) of subsection 3(a) of this Act [16 USCS § 3372(a)(2)] shall not apply to the interstate shipment or transshipment through Indian country as defined in section 1151 of title 18, United States Code [18 USCS § 1151], or a State of any fish or wildlife or plant legally taken if the shipment is en route to a State in which the fish or wildlife or plant may be legally possessed.


HISTORY: (Nov. 16, 1981, P.L. 97-79, § 8, 95 Stat. 1078; Dec. 22, 1980, P.L. 96-561, Title II, Part C, Subpart 2, § 238(b), 94 Stat. 3300; Sept. 30, 1996, P.L. 104-208, Div A, Title I, § 101(a) [Title II, § 211(b)], 110 Stat. 3009-41.)

§ 3378. Miscellaneous provisions

(a) Effect on powers of States. Nothing in this Act shall be construed to prevent the several States or Indian tribes from making or enforcing laws or regulations not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act.

(b) Repeals. The following provisions of law are repealed:

(1) The Act of May 20, 1926 (commonly known as the Black Bass Act; 16 U.S.C. 851-856).

(2) Section 5 of the Act of May 25, 1900 (16 U.S.C. 667e), and sections 43 and 44 of title 18, United States Code (commonly known as provisions of the Lacey Act) [18 USCS §§ 43, 44].

(3) Sections 3054 and 3112 of title 18, United States Code [18 USCS §§ 3054, 3112].

(c) Disclaimers. Nothing in this Act shall be construed as--

(1) repealing, superseding, or modifying any provision of Federal law other than those specified in subsection (b);

(2) repealing, superseding, or modifying any right, privilege, or immunity granted, reserved, or established pursuant to treaty, statute, or executive order pertaining to any Indian tribe, band, or community; or

(3) enlarging or diminishing the authority of any State or Indian tribe to regulate the activities of persons within Indian reservations.

[(d)](g) Travel and transportation expenses. The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to pay from agency appropriations the travel expense of newly appointed special agents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and the transportation expense of household goods and personal effects from place of residence at time of selection to first duty station to the extent authorized by section 5724 of title 5 [5 USCS § 5724] for all such special agents appointed after January 1, 1977.

[(e)](h) Interior appropriations budget proposal. The Secretary shall identify the funds utilized to enforce this Act and any regulations thereto as a specific appropriations item in the Department of the Interior appropriations budget proposal to the Congress.

HISTORY: (Nov. 16, 1981, P.L. 97-79, § 9(a)-(c), (g), (h), 95 Stat. 1079, 1080.)
 

gonnelro

Feeder Fish
MFK Member
Feb 14, 2008
324
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New Jersey
Are you sure polypterus, I thought it was the Lacey Act as well? Im going to read it later when I have some time and put in my 2 cents. Do you have the citation for the endangered species act?
 

Polypterus

Feeder Fish
MFK Member
Aug 17, 2005
2,839
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45
Detroit
gonnelro;1665889; said:
Are you sure polypterus, I thought it was the Lacey Act as well? Im going to read it later when I have some time and put in my 2 cents. Do you have the citation for the endangered species act?
Provisions of the Lacey act do not place a ban species on the basis of being Endangered. It is a Law enforcement tool that can be triggered in the event of Illegal transport (I.E. import, interstate transport etc.) or if it violates a specific law (State, federal, or international) dealing with the transport, possession or sale of a plant or animal. Within the Lacey act itself only those species listed as injurious under part 16 of the act are specifically addressed. Other than this it is a secondary tool to enforce international. national and state laws and regulations regarding wildlife trade.

Asian Aro are listed by the USFWS in the ESA and it is the provisions within the ESA (not lacey) that regulate their importation, possession and trade.

Lacey act can be used to support an ESA violation case but it does not specifically address endangered species policy...
http://www.fws.gov/endangered/whatwedo.html#General
 

Deadliestviper7

The Necromancer
MFK Member
Aug 6, 2016
7,422
4,143
178
26
So if I start a licensed Asian arowana rodeo, with the purpose of getting arowana a to jump, that would at least theoretically be legal?
 
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