Rules of Hybridization In American Cichlids

BuffaloPolypteridae

Feeder Fish
MFK Member
Aug 5, 2013
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Buffalo
After giving this a thought this may potentially work? Possibly? Input greatly appreciated

Plan is to hybridize a male f1 escondido green texas w/ a female festae, after that i would like to attempt to hybridize the texasxfestae to a jaguar or convict. Could that possibly work? Id like to make an ornate more predatory looking hybrid and the festaexgreentex is gorgeous and i have the ingredients for it already, no jag tho

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Brobstfish

Jack Dempsey
MFK Member
Jan 17, 2012
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It has now been proven that both Red Ceibals, and Umbees, along with Festae, can hybridize with Central American cichlids. Maybe someone should go for an Umbee x Dovii, that would be one heck of a fish.


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ehh

Blue Tier VIP
MFK Member
Aug 30, 2013
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can someone explain the physiology behind why they cannot hybridize?
 

Krichlid

Feeder Fish
Jul 17, 2015
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Englsnd
I notice a lot of people asking whether or not their fish can breed with this or that so consider this a guide to answer your question. Assuming you can get two fish to pair up and spawn, this will help determine whether or you not you will get viable fry from the pairing.

Remember that American Cichlids are essentially split up into two categories: Central American and South American.

1. All Central American Cichlids can hybridize with any other Central American Cichlid - Until it is proven otherwise, assume all Central Americans can hybridize with one another.

2. All Central American Cichlids can hybridize with any Hybrid Central American Cichlid - Most commercially sold hybrid cichlids are of Central American descent and should be considered Hybrid CA Cichlids. This includes Parrot Cichlids, Flowerhorn Cichlids, and Red Texas Cichlids.
Exception to the rule: Sterility occurs in hybrid cichlids commonly in males and occasionally in female, Parrot Cichlids being a great example of this as nearly ever single male is sterile. A sterile parent will not produce viable fry.

3. No South American Cichlid can hybridize with any Central American Cichlid - Until it is proven otherwise, assume that no South American Cichlids can hybridize with any Central American. No South American Cichlid has ever been confirmed to successful hybridize with any Central American Cichlid, any case of this happening successfully has been word of mouth.
Exception to the rule: Cichlasoma Festae can successfully hybridize with any Central American Cichlid. Cichlasoma Festae is essentially a Central American Cichlid living in South America.

4. No South American Cichlid can hybridize with any other South American Cichlid - Until it is proven otherwise, assume that South American Cichlids can not hybridize with any South American. No South American Cichlid has ever been confirmed to successful hybridize with any South American Cichlid, any case of this happening successfully has been word of mouth.
Exception to the rule: Same genus South American Cichlid can potentially hybridize with one another. For example a Green Terror (Aequidens Rivulatus) can hybridize with a Blue Acara (Aequidens pulcher).

Some example:
Firemouth (CA Cichlid) x Green Texas (CA Cichlid) = Viable Fry
Flowerhorn (HCA Cichlid) x Jack Dempsey (CA Cichlid) = Viable Fry
Synspilum (CA Cichlid) x Festae = Viable Fry
Severum (SA Cichlid) x Red Devil (CA Cichlid) = No Fry (And no this is not how Blood Parrots are made....)
Green Terror (SA Cichlid) x Oscar (SA Cichlid) = No Fry

Now there is the occasional rumor about CA Fish A breeding with SA Fish B and getting fry. One notable example of this is Convict x Severum, there have been a few reports of this happening. Until it is 100% proven to be true, I choose to be skeptical.

And as always, practice safe hybridization. Please do not breed similar fish and pass them off as one or the other. Midevil is a good example of this.
Hi, this is really informative thank you. What about south American and an African cichlid, namely Green terror and spotted mangrove cichlid! I have a pair that have been spawning for around a year , eggs very often but no fry!

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